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Working hours (English for Human Resource Management)

21 Aug

Learn the vocabulary to talk about working hours in English:

to work overtime = to do more than the usual hours required by the contract

  • We aren’t paid when we work overtime, we can take time off in lieu.
  • We had to work overtime to get the project finished on time.

to work shifts = to work in teams at different times of the day and night

  • In today’s twenty-four hour society, more and more people work shifts.
  • We get paid more when we work shifts to compensate for the irregular times.

shift work = when groups of workers work at different times of the day and night

  • The irregular rhythm of shift work can be very hard on family life.
  • Production keeps going non-stop so we have a lot of people who do shift work.

to be on the night shift = to work with a group during the night, often from ten pm to six am

  • It’s very hard on the night shift because I can’t sleep very well during the day.
  • Some people prefer to be on the night shift because they are at home when the children come home from school.

flexitime = a system where people can vary the start and end times

  • As we work flexitime, I take the children to school and arrive at nine thirty.
  • With flexitime, as long as I have done my seven hours, I can leave at four thirty.

a roster = a list of who’s working when and where

  • The weekly roster is put up on the board so that you can see who is working.
  • Look on the roster to see what job you are doing.

to have time off = to take vacation or leave

  • I’d like to have some time off next month. I need a break.
  • If you want to have time off, you have to fill out a request form and give it to your line manager.

to take a day off = to have an authorised absence from work for a day

  • I had two days off last week so I have a lot of work to catch up on.
  • I’d like a day off next week to deal with some family matters. Friday if that is convenient.

full-time = work a whole working week

  • At the moment I only work two days a week but I would like to work full-time.
  • After the birth of my son, I didn’t want to go back full-time so do three days a week now.

Learn more of the vocabulary to talk about working hours in English:

part-time = to work a part of the day or week

  • When I was a student, I had a part-time job in a bar.
  • We are looking for a part-time receptionist to work mornings.

to be punctual = to start or arrive at the specified time

  • She’s very punctual, always here on time.
  • Please be punctual. I don’t want to have to wait for late arrivals.

home working = to work from home rather than going into the office

  • Home working misses the social element of going to work.
  • Modern technology means that home working has become a real possibility for many people.

time sheet = a record of the numbers of hours worked by an employee

  • Fill out this time sheet every day and hand it to your manager on Fridays.
  • We no longer have time sheets as this is done automatically by the electronic ID badges.

unsocial hours = hours outside of the normal working week

  • Although the hours are rather unsocial, I don’t want a nine to five job.
  • Lots of professions work very unsocial hours and don’t necessarily get compensated for it.

to take a break = to stop work for a short time to relax

  • You can buy tea or coffee when you take a break.
  • Sometimes it’s a good idea to take a break and come back to a job refreshed.

to clock in/out = to record the start or finish time of work on a special machine

  • The staff clock in when they arrive and clock out as they leave.
  • Flexitime means that everyone has to clock in and out to keep a check on the hours worked.

public holidays = national holidays that are not generally worked

  • Your holiday entitlement does not include public holidays like Christmas Day.
  • If a public holiday is on a Thursday, many people take the Friday off and have a long weekend.

hourly rate = the salary that is paid per hour of work

  • We are paid a considerably higher hourly rate for Sundays or evening work.
  • The part-time employees are paid an hourly rate but the permanent staff are paid a fixed salary.

fixed hours = the working hours of an employee do not change or cannot be varied

  • The admin staff work fixed hours; nine to five, five days a week.
  • As a freelancer, I don’t have any fixed hours but work when the work is there.

If you think you have better understood these things, you may exercise to test yourself!

Exercise 1

Exercise 2

Exercise 3

Exercise 4

Exercise 1

Exercise 2

Exercise 3

Exercise 4

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Posted by on August 21, 2011 in Uncategorized

 

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